Diabetics Do Not Need to Limit Fruit Intake
Patients who were newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) need not limit their fruit intake, as patients who had limited fruit intake did not show any improvement in glycemic control, according to a new study published online in Nutrition Journal. Researchers found in their study that patients who were given high fruit intake showed the same positive results as those who had fruit restriction.
Despite the lack of any trial evidence, some health professionals advise diabetic patients to limit intake of fruits because of its high sugar content. Patients are normally advised to increase consumption of a variety of fiber enriched fruits and vegetables. Lead author Allan S. Christensen and colleagues therefore conducted a study to examine these.
The study involved 63 patients who were newly diagnosed with T2DM with a mean age of 58 years and mean BMI (body mass index) of 32. The patients were divided into two groups. The first half were advised to limit fruit intake to two pieces a day and the other half were told to indulge in two or more pieces of fruit a day.
Results show that patients in the high-fruit-intake group had a substantial drop in blood sugar levels, lost weight of about two kilograms and trimmed waist by about 4 cm. Patients in the low-fruit-intake group obtained similar results. No significant differences were found between the two groups relative to the results of the study.
The researchers speculate that the reason for the similar results might be due to development of other changes in the diet when changing the fruit intake. The research team recommends not to limit fruit intake in T2DM patients considering the many health benefits of fruits.
Busko, M. Diabetics Need Not Restrict Fruit Intake, RCT Suggests. Medscape