Diabetes with Depression Increases Risk of Death
A new study published in General Hospital Psychiatry reveals that people suffering from diabetes coupled with untreated depression have higher risk of death. According to the 2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheet, about 26 million people in the U.S. suffer from diabetes and almost 30% of these patients experience symptoms of depression.
The study analyzed more than 42,000 patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes and depression. The result of the analysis showed that the 1.5-fold increase in the risk of death was linked to depression. Likewise, a review of four studies showed that people suffering from diabetes with simultaneous depression had a higher risk of cardiovascular death by about 20 percent.
Study lead author Mijung Park, Ph.D. said that depression has consistently raised the risk of death across almost all studies and they can now assume that the negative impact of depression is common to all diabetics.
Todd Brown, M.D., associate professor at John Hopkins University, believes that obesity can lead to unhealthy metabolic condition resulting in hopelessness and decreased physical activity, thereby aggravating the obesity condition, so the cycle continues. Brown adds that it is common for patients to get more and more depressed (downward spiral) when obesity-related co-morbidities like diabetes, hypertension, obesity and depression occur simultaneously.
The encouraging news, according to Park, is that depression can be treated. Treatment of depression should be included in the overall care administration of diabetes since depression can make diabetes self-care more difficult and can lessen the quality of life.
Health Behavior News Service, part of the Center for Advancing Health. Diabetes + depression = increased risk of death, review finds. ScienceDaily.